To recap, I argued in my last post that:
1. We’ve published science lots of different ways for a long time, and universal pre-publication peer review is both pretty new and historically strange.
2. That system doesn’t seem to accomplish the goals that it claims to or that we wish it would.
3. It’s worthwhile to try other things.
That’s also why I’m not worried about an onslaught of terrible papers—we’ve already got an onslaught of terrible papers.
Sick burn 😂
But seriously, it is not good for society or science when access to scientific research is limited to academics. This only reinforces the perceived division between academics and the public, and exacerbates anti-intellectualism. And, it is hardly helpful for scientists to be silo’d away from the public either — any insular group will miss out on the perspectives and wisdom of other groups of people with different backgrounds and experience. Shifting the expectation that papers should be readable by laypeople would encourage plainer language and force writers to clarify their explanations.
If science weren’t hidden behind expensive paywalls, people outside academia could draw on the latest research for decisions, and participate in conversations about science. Codesign is on the rise in community engagement and graphic design; improving access could enable communities to give input to projects and future research. Instead of researchers coming up with projects on their own, they could listen to the needs of the community to fill in gaps (for example, the gap in medical research for women).
Also learned a new concept, weak-link problem, from his referenced article The Rise and Fall of Peer Review:
Why did peer review seem so reasonable in the first place?
I think we had the wrong model of how science works. We treated science like it’s a weak-link problem where progress depends on the quality of our worst work. If you believe in weak-link science, you think it’s very important to stamp out untrue ideas—ideally, prevent them from being published in the first place. You don’t mind if you whack a few good ideas in the process, because it’s so important to bury the bad stuff.
But science is a strong-link problem: progress depends on the quality of our best work.
See also: Imagining a better way — for everything